Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children. Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death. Psychological consequences range from chronic low self-esteem to severe dissociative states. The cognitive effects of abuse range from attentional problems and learning disorders to severe organic brain syndromes. Behaviorally, the consequences of abuse range from poor peer relations all the way to extraordinarily violent behaviors.
Conceptual Background There is a significant breach in empirical evidence on the menstrual hygiene management MHM challenges faced as a result of adolescent girls and women in crisis contexts, and on appropriate humanitarian answer approaches to meet their needs all the rage diverse emergency contexts. To begin big the gap in the evidence, we conducted a study in two assort contexts Myanmar and Lebanon , exploring the MHM barriers facing girls after that women, and the various relevant sectoral responses being conducted e. Methods Two qualitative assessments were conducted: one all the rage camps for internally displaced populations all the rage Myanmar, and one with refugees active in informal settlements and host communities in Lebanon. Key informant interviews were conducted with emergency response staff all the rage both sites, and focus group analysis and participatory mapping activities conducted along with adolescent girls and women. Conclusions Around is a significant need for improved guidance across all relevant sectors designed for improving MHM response in emergency background, along with increased evidence on actual approaches for integrating MHM into existing responses. Background Over 30 million girls and women are currently displaced anticipate to conflict and disasters across the world; a record high since Earth War II [ 1 ]. A common and significant challenge they accept is the ability to manage their menstruation safely, comfortably and with decorum. Such factors can increase their attempt for exposure to violence and abuse, particularly at nighttime when seeking absent private spaces to manage sanitary desire [ 8 ].
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